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History of Spain

 

History of the Spanish Empire Video

 
 

History of Spain is colorful and deep like its geographical state.

Spain lies on the crossroads between Europe and Africa. By 19 BC Romans dominated the peninsula leaving behind their trace. Bourbons from North Africa arrived here on 711 AD and soon they rule the Muslim religion took the land. Christians fought for reconquer the land until only the Muslim city Granada survived as a Muslim stronghold.

In 1492, the last Muslim king surrendered his fortress to the Catholic rulers Fernando and Isabella. That same year, Spanish monarchs financed Christopher Columbus' voyage of exploration.

And when Columbus have landed in the new world, he claimed it as the Spanish ground. Spain eventually conquered huge empires in the Americas, colonizing Mexico and Peru and exploring parts of the US. Gold taken from the native enriched the Spanish treasury.

As the 17th century ended, Spain was affected by plague, depopulation, faltering economy and the war with France wasted the country.

In 1938 fascism plunged Spain into Civil War. From 1939, Dictator Francisco Franco emerged and dominated Spain for 36 years of repressive control. Franco picked his own successor, the grand son of the late King Alfonso XIII, Juan Carlos de Barbon, and took the throne on Franco's death in 1975.

Eventually, Juan Carlos has led his country from dictatorship to democracy. Establishing a constitutional monarchy working to modernize Spain and raising its standard of living.

Today Spain is the thriving member of the European Union. It is an urban country with %75 percent of its citizens living in cities. The capital Madrid is homed over 5 million of the country's 40 million.

About 15 million holidaymakers travel to Spain each year. Spain attracts its visitors mostly by its sunshine, beaches and unique culture.

Underneath its modern exterior, Spain's traditions run deep. In Andalucía, the country's southern region, vineyards still lies for thousands of years.

Spain is one of the world's major producer of wine, especially fine cherries.

Flamenco music and dance are also born in Andalucía.

 
 
 
 
   
 
  Spain Info     Holidays in Spain     Top City Breaks in Spain     Spanish Costas     Canary Islands     Balearic Islands  
 
* Overview
* History of Spain
* Practical Info
* Travelling to Spain
* Visa Requirements
* Transportation
* Spanish Cuisine
* Spanish Wines
   
* Top 10 Beach Resorts * Top 10 Green Travel
* Top 10 Beach & Nightlife * Top 10 Spa Holidays
* Ski & Mountain Resorts * Top 10 Beaches
* Top 10 City Breaks * Top 10 Sightseeing
* Top 10 Water Sports * Top 10 Museums
* Top 10 Windsurfing * Top 10 Festivals
* Top 10 Scuba Diving * Top 10 Theme Parks
* Top 10 Golf Resorts * Top 10 Water Parks
* Top 10 Ecotourism * World Heritage Cities
   
* Barcelona * Madrid
* Valencia * Palma de Mallorca
* Ibiza Town * Seville
* Granada * Córdoba
* Málaga * Pamplona
* Alicante * Las Palmas
   
* Costa de la Luz
* Costa del Sol
* Costa Tropical
* Costa de Almeria
* Costa Calida
* Costa Blanca
* Costa Valencia
* Costa del Azahar
* Costa Dorada
* Costa Brava
   
* Gran Canaria
* Tenerife
* Lanzarote
* Fuerteventura
* La Palma
* La Gomera
* El Hierro
   
* Ibiza
* Majorca
* Menorca
* Formentera
 

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